Self-care; conceptualization and practices

 

The self-care, speech already present in early Greece (eg Epictetus) and pre-Christian Roman Empire, is a set of practices -that are manifested in different ways across the time and the contexts- aimed at the “self” (self; spirit, soul, being, body, or any other substantive appeal in which that dimension is not yet fully understood, which allows a particular man say “I am”) protection, education, government, love, preparation, etc. The years of silence and contemplation of the Pythagoreans in preparation for the understanding of science; the stoicism for self-government as a condition to govern others; The Ignatius of Loyola’s spiritual exercises as a means for the preparation and disposition of the soul; and detailed activities for daily, recurrent in the texts of classical moral, aimed at a better life; are some examples of how western culture tried to respond to the self-care.

At present, the self-care has reappeared in the form of prophylaxis, or self-improvement, or occupational health; tangential approaches to self-care, but which represent a childish version of the concept.

Círculo de Estudios foundation has chosen to build a critical definition of the concept, and the development of specific technologies aimed at the everyday experience of self-care practice, especially in the context of support to victims of Human Rights violations and International Humanitarian Law breaches. In this sense, the foundation designed and published the document Self-care, to care the otherness, document for officials of different institutions responsible for the 975 law, and shared practices to the self-care in multiple training scenarios with the staff members responsible for the care of victims.